A stimulant to the central nervous system, Amphetamines are most often prescribed to children and adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, more commonly referred to as ADHD. Also used to treat treatment resistant depression, narcolepsy and obesity, Amphetamines are highly addictive when overused.
When taken, Amphetamines bring on an increased sense of wakefulness, providing additional energy, concentration, and attention. The appetite is suppressed and mood becomes elevated, which results in an improved level of self-confidence and heightened sociability. However, this stimulant drug provides a calming effect, and sometimes even sleepiness, for those with ADHD.
Also referred to as an Amphetamine Use Disorder, an addiction to stimulant drugs can stem from many different causes. Some of the more common precursors include:
- Genetics: Parents with amphetamine abuse history
- Brain Chemistry: Release of chemicals called catecholamines, including Dopamine
- Work and Social: Need for weight loss, increased energy, and better performance
- Emotional: Inadequate coping skills or high levels of stress
Regardless of the reason to begin taking this addictive stimulant drug, over time the regular use of amphetamines can lead to a psychological addiction. As the amphetamine user becomes addicted, he will begin to attribute his success to this stimulant drug rather than his own capabilities. The abuser feels he needs amphetamines to function or perform.
Amphetamines speed up the body’s nervous system and are highly addictive, much in the same way as coffee, nicotine, alcohol and cocaine creates a Dopamine reward pathway in the brain. As the body quickly builds a tolerance to this upper, individuals using amphetamines recreationally must continue increasing dosages to achieve the desired effect.
Disorders Related to Amphetamine Abuse
In the United States, a significant number of individuals with an amphetamine addiction have also been found to be marijuana users. However, the most common disorders related to this type of stimulant drug abuse are other types of substance abuse disorders. This is due to the fact that many will take other substances when the amphetamines begin to wear off.
Other co-occurring disorders of amphetamine abuse include:
- Gambling Disorder
- Neurological Disorder
- Antisocial Personality Disorder
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Amphetamines Abuse: Signs and Symptoms
The list of signs and symptoms for an amphetamine addiction can be quite lengthy, but here are some of the most common, broken down into specific categories.
Personal: taking too much amphetamines, inability to cut down or quit taking the drug, large amounts of wasted time or time spent looking for amphetamines, loss of interest in important activities, forsaking personal health and safety
Psychological: improved mood, feelings of euphoria, noticeably more social and confident, paranoia, anxiety and hallucinations, delusions, emotional numbness, confusion and repetitive behavior, impaired judgment, hearing voices or entire conversations that are not real
Physical: altered sexual behavior, malnutrition or weight loss, muscle tension, chest pain or irregular heartbeat, stomach pain, dehydration, frequent or constant headaches, nausea, skin issues and conditions, seizures or coma
Social: extreme talkativeness, relationship problems, short temper, poor problem-solving skills, frequent conflict with friends and/or relatives, emotional outbursts such as anger, unable to notice common social cues, legal problems, problems with school or work, incoherence
Statistics on Amphetamines Abuse
While almost non-existent among Asian Americans, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders, an addiction to amphetamines appears most prevalent among Caucasians and African Americans. Statistically, amphetamine abuse seems only slightly more common among females than males, and is most prevalent in younger age groups.
Studying research from previous years, the largest number of amphetamine related incidents to date were found in the 18 to 29 age bracket. Of those attending college, approximately five to nine percent of students are believed to participate in the non-medical recreational use of amphetamines.
Amphetamines Detox: Clear Your Mind
While it can be difficult making important life decisions with an amphetamine abuse problem, the facts are clear: it is time for a change. It isn’t rocket science to understand that a prolonged, medically unsupervised use of amphetamines can be damaging to your central nervous system as well as your physical health and happiness.
Say goodbye to an amphetamine addiction to restore calmness and contentment in your life. Friends and family will be amazed as you detox your way into a new and healthier lifestyle choice.
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An intoxicating ingredient found in liquor, beer and wine, alcohol is a depressant born from a combination of fermented yeast, sugar and starch. Rapidly absorbed through the digestive system, alcohol quickly enters the blood stream and temporarily alters the central nervous system.
However, the effects of alcohol consumption are not exclusive to the central nervous system, as the further effects of this depressant will extend to every organ in the body – including a fetus, if present. The first noticeable changes after alcohol consumption can be seen in motor and brain functions, while prolonged use can lead to serious health issues such as liver disease, stroke and cancer.